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0040312
PEASANTS PAYING TAXES.
Peasants paying taxes to their lord in both money and in livestock. Woodcut, 15th century.
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0010806
MEDIEVAL MANOR.
Drawing showing the plan of a medieval, English manor.
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0622349
BATTLE OF YASHIMA, 1185.
Minamoto no Yoshitsune leads a small force of Minamoto soldiers in a surprise attack against the Taira army. Woodcut triptych by Utagawa Yoshitora, 1855.
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0006105
FRANCE: PLOUGHING, 1763.
An idealized version of 'labourage,' the tilling and ploughing of arable soil, on a model manor, as depicted in Denis Diderot's 'Encyclopedia.' Line engraving, French, 1763.
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0020793
SCENE OF HOMAGE ON SEAL.
Depicting Raymond de Montdragon, 13th century.
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0021418
FRENCH REV: 1789.
Peasant fear that the feudal reforms of August 1789 will let go with one hand only to take back with the other.
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0086216
GERMANY: FIEFDOM, 1566.
Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II confirms the fiefdom of August von Sachsen in Augsburg, Germany, 23 April 1566. The act takes place in the Weinmarkt (wine market) between the dance hall and Fugger-Haus. Contemporary German engraving.
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0043805
MEDIEVAL DINING HALL.
A medieval dining hall with the lord of the manor at one table, guests at a lower table and a bard entertaining them all. Line engraving.
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0085266
ENGLISH KING, 10th CENTURY.
An English king of the 10th century with his thegns (vassals) before him. Woodcut after an English manuscript illumination, c1000.
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0061940
MEDIEVAL ENGLISH MANOR.
A modern reconstruction.
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0103454
JAPAN: TOKUGAWA SOLDIERS.
Foreigners watch as soldiers of the Tokugawa Shogunate leave for an unsuccessful attack against forces of the daimyo of Chosu. Woodblock print, 1865, by Chokaro Hoki.
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0050759
LE NAIN: PEASANT HOME.
Peasants Before Their House. Oil on canvas by Louis Le Nain (1593-1648).
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0103457
JAPAN: BOSHIN WAR, 1868.
Acting independently, Yamaoka Tesshu, vassal of the Shogun, rides from Edo to meet the Emperor's forces under Saigo; he successfully proposed the attack on Edo be postponed until a peace conference could be arranged. Woodblock print, triptych, 1891, by Toshiei.
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0037626
FRANCE: PLOUGHING, 1763.
An idealized version of 'labourage,' the tilling and ploughing of arable soil, on a model manor, as depicted in Denis Diderot's 'Encyclopedia.' Color line engraving, French, 1763.
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0089121
WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR
(1027-1087). King of England, 1066-1087. William the Conqueror, unhorsed while trying to subdue a rebellion in his French possessions being led by his eldest son, Robert, is aided by Robert on the battlefield, 1079. Wood engraving, 19th century.
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0103346
KYOTO: GION FESTIVAL.
Vassals of the daimyo (feudal lord) and samurai parade during the Gion Festival. Screen painting, 1750, by Fujiwara Mitsutaka.
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0011823
BOOK OF HOURS: JUNE.
Mowing, raking, and stacking hay on the outskirts of Paris in June. Illumination from the 15th century manuscript of the 'Tres Riches Heures' of Jean, Duke of Berry.
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0015196
MEDIEVAL ENGLISH MANOR.
A modern reconstruction.
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0019453
KING EDWARD I (1239-1307).
King of England, 1272-1307. Edward I of England doing homage to Philip the Fair of France in 1286. Manuscript illumination by Jean Fouquet, 1455-1460, from the 'Grandes Chroniques de France.'
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0003845
PEASANTS' WEEDING, c1340.
Line drawing after an illumination in the Loutrell Psalter, c1340.
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0003844
PEASANT SOWING, c1340.
Line drawing after an illumination in the Loutrell Psalter, c1340.
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0003846
PEASANTS REAPING, c1340.
Line drawing after an illumination in the Loutrell Psalter, c1340.
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0080978
ROBERT GUISCARD (c1015-1085).
Norman military leader. Robert Guiscard invested by Pope Nicholas II as Duke of Apulia, Calabria, and Sicily, 1059. Detail from a miniature.
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0106922
GILBERT: TENURES, 1738.
Title page of Sir Geoffry Gilbert's 'A Treatise of Tenures,' published in 1738. Copy owned by U.S. President John Adams.
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0348235
LITERATURE & THE ARTS.
Prince Receiving Vassals, miniature, Italy 14th Century. Full credit: De Agostini / Pinaider / Granger, NYC -- All rights reserved.
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0348578
LITERATURE & THE ARTS.
Scenes of church offerings, detail from an illuminated page from The Cantigas de Santa Maria Alfonso X the Wise, manuscript, Spain 13th Century. Full credit: De Agostini / G. Dagli Orti / Granger, NYC -- All rights
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0266903
COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION, 1893.
The German Village, featuring a feudal castle of the 15th century and a Bavarian Highland House, at the World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago, 1893. Contemporary American lithograph.
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0117915
FRENCH REVOLUTION, 1789.
Scene at the National Assembly at Versailles, the night of August 4-5, 1789. Members are debating the abolition of feudal priviliges. Contemporary French line engraving after C. Monnet, painter to the King.
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0053901
AZTEC WARRIORS.
Four captains in the Aztec army, and above: vassals of a rebellious lord pleading for mercy. Manuscript painting from 'Codex Mendoza'.
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0076140
KINGS'S COURT, 13th CENTURY.
Bishops and nobles consult the king to ascertain his wishes. Line engraving after an illustration from the Heidelberg manuscript of the Sachsenspiegel, a German law code composed c1230.
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0254516
LES BEUX, PROVENCE PROVINCE, FRANCE.
A view of the ruins of a feudal castle and the Tour Paravelle. Gervais Courtellemont.
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0029167
TOYOTOMI HIDEYOSHI
(1536-1598). Japanese warrior and dictator. Color on silk, 1598, by an unknown artist.
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0017092
MEDIEVAL ENGLISH MANOR.
A modern reconstruction.
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0022396
GENGHIS KHAN (1162-1227).
Mongol conqueror. Receiving homage from a vassal. Persian manuscript illumination.
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0103184
JAPAN: TAXATION, c1575.
Farmers pay taxes in rice to their local daimyo. Japanese scroll painting, late-16th century.
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0076142
FEUDALISM: VILLAGE.
Peasants begin building a new village while the local lord (left), through a document with a triangular seal, grants the head farmer the right to collect rents. Line engraving after an illustration from the Heidelberg manuscript of the Sachsenspiegel, a German law code composed c1230.
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0122645
CHINA: SEAL, 57 A.D.
Impression from a gold seal struck by Han emperor Kuang Wu Ti on the occasion of the arrival of the first Japanese embassy to the Chinese imperial court, in 57 A.D., bestowing vassalage on the Yayoi ruler in Japan.
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0103453
JAPAN: MILITARY TRAINING.
Soldiers of the Tokugawa Shogunate in feudal regalia shoot a cannon. Woodblock print, tryptich, c1867, by Gountei Teishu.
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0123941
CHINA: ODE SCROLL.
A ruler (center, inside palace) watches as feudal princes receive his gift of red bows (on mat, before palace), which he has awarded them in return for meritorious service. Detail from the scroll 'Six Odes from Mao Shih,' with artwork by Ma Ho-Chih and handwriting attributed to Sung emperor Kao Tsung (1107-1187).
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0028131
PEASANTS PAYING TAXES.
Peasants paying taxes to their lord in both money and in livestock. Woodcut, 15th century.
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