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0121220
RUSSIA: FORCED LABOR, 1895.
Russian convict railroad workers in the Ussuri region in eastern Siberia. Photographed by William Henry Jackson, October 1895.
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0121583
RUSSIA: FORCED LABOR, c1885.
Russian prison guards surrounding a placer mine in the Transbaikalia region of Siberia, where convicts sentenced to hard labor are working. Photographed c1885.
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0166633
WARSAW GHETTO UPRISING.
An old man is forced to clear rubble after the uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto in 1943.
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0122696
GEORGIA: PRISON GUARD, 1941.
A prison guard watching convicts as they work in a prison camp in Oglethorpe County, Georgia. Photograph by Jack Delano, May 1941.
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0173261
AUSTRIA: LABOR CAMP, 1944.
Austrian-born Nazi Gauleiter August Eigruber (3rd from right) and German architect and political leader Albert Speer (center) visiting inmates at a forced labor camp in Salzgitter, Austria. Photograph, c1944.
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0073487
WWII: WORKERS, 1942.
Workers from German-occupied Eastern territories return to their camps after the end of work, 1942.
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0121580
RUSSIA: CONVICTS, c1885.
A group of Russian convicts, sentenced to hard labor, in Siberia. Photographed c1885.
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0118947
PRISONERS.
African American convicts breaking up rocks for road construction at a prison camp in rural America. Photograph, c1934-1950.
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0118944
CHAIN GANG.
African American convicts working in a labor prison camp in the rural south. Photograph, c1930-1950.
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0118946
ARKANSAS: PRSIONERS, 1934.
African American convicts working with shovels, possibly the singers of 'Rock Island Line' at Cummins State Farm, Gould, Arkansas. Photograph, 1934.
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0111919
WARSAW GHETTO, c1941.
Female residents of the sealed Jewish ghetto in Warsaw, Poland, doing forced labor, sewing for the Nazi occupying forces in World War II.
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0111921
WARSAW GHETTO, c1942.
A German military crew filming ghetto inmates performing forced labor in the Jewish ghetto of Warsaw, Poland, sealed by the occuying Nazi forces since October 1940. The Nazis assured the residents of the ghetto that those who worked would not be deported.
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0118943
TEXAS: PRISONERS, 1934.
'Lightnin' Washington, an African American prisoner, singing with his group while chopping wood in a labor prison at Darrington State Farm, Texas. Photograph by Alan Lomax in April 1934.
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0005915
TEXAS: CHAIN GANG, 1874.
'Convicts at work in the Forest.' A chain gang in Texas. Wood engraving, 1874.
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0118948
PRISONERS.
Five African American convicts breaking up rocks for road construction at a prison camp in rural America. Photograph, c1934-1950.
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0006274
CIVIL WAR: SLAVE LABOR.
Plantation slaves working on the fortifications of Savannah, Georgia during the American Civil War. Wood engraving, English, 1863.
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0099537
BATTLE OF LEPANTO, 1571.
Ottoman captives following the naval Battle of Lepanto, 7 October 1571. Line engraving, 19th century.
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0037605
ABYSSINIAN CAMPAIGN, 1936.
Italian military operations in Ethiopia. Ethiopian laborers at work on a new road that enables Italian troops under General Rodolfo Graziani to launch attacks on the Harrar District in early 1936.
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0018125
PAUL MUNI (1895-1967).
American (Austrian-born) actor. Scene from 'I am a Fugitive From a Chain Gang,' 1932.
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0073646
RAILROAD CREW, 1877.
Convict laborers from a railroad crew in western Louisiana under close supervision at a camp along the route of the proposed New Orleans Pacific Railroad, 1877. Wood engraving from a contemporary American newspaper.
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0183662
WWII: TRAINING, 1942.
Students working on tanks at the Armored Force Replacement Center at Fort Knox, Kentucky. Photograph, 1942.
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0084618
SOVIET UNION: KULAK, 1932.
A Russian 'kulak' (wealthy peasant farmer) who was deported to the forests of Karelia in the northern Soviet Union for compulsory labor in 1932.
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0166945
ROBBEN ISLAND.
Former prisoner island Robben Island, Western Cape, South Africa. Picture shows prisoners engaged in forced labour. Photograph, 15.10.2004.
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0083007
SOVIET GULAG, 1931.
Prisoners hauling wood in a labor camp somewhere in the Soviet Union. French illustration by Gigmoux, 1931.
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0109251
ROBBEN ISLAND: QUARRY.
View of the entrance of the quarry on Robben Island, South Africa, where Nelson Mandela and other black political prisoners condemned to forced labor under the apartheid regime would shelter themselves from the sun and exchange ideas, mid-to-late 20th century. Photographed by Catherine Shepard, March 2008.
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0073481
WW2: FORCED LABOR, 1943.
Woman worker from Ukraine in Stuttgart. The woman wears a badge on her breast with the inscription OST, which labels her as a foreign worker from the East (Ostarbeiterin), 1943.
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0086858
JAPANESE INTERNMENT.
Japanese Americans working in the fields at an internment camp in Malheur County, Oregon, during World War II, 1942-43. Photographed by Russell Lee.
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0074850
PENAL COLONY IN GUIANA.
Penal colony in Cayenne, French Guiana. Convicts building a road: drawing, 1895.
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0074695
BELOMOR CANAL: SLAVE LABOR.
Soviet leader Joseph Stalin's political prisoners forced to work on the construction of the Belomor Canal in Russia, 1934.
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0073278
WORLD WAR II: FORCED LABOR.
Foreign workers from the East (called Ostarbeiter) in an armaments factory in South Germany.
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0129850
TOMSK: FORMER PRISON CAMP.
Former forced labor camp, now a regular prison, in Tomsk, Siberia. Photograph, 1997. Full credit: Jungnickel - ullstein bild / Granger, NYC -- All righ
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0110872
SOVIET UNION: GULAG, 1930s.
Prisoners at work in a Soviet gulag. Drawing, 1930s.
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0108494
CONCENTRATION CAMP, 1945.
Women inmates working at the Ravensbrück concentration camp in northern Germany near the end of World War II, 1945.
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0089726
SOVIET UNION: FORCED LABOR.
Forced laborers building the Belomor Canal (Stalin Canal) in Karelia, northern Soviet Union, 1931-33.
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0085254
GERMANY: FORCED LABOR.
SS officers leading a march of forced laborers from a concentration camp near Hohnstein in eastern Germany. Photographed 1933-34.
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0074971
BELOMOR CANAL: SLAVE LABOR.
Soviet leader Joseph Stalin's political prisoners forced to work on the construction of the Belomor Canal in Russia, 1933.
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0084624
SOVIET UNION: FORCED LABOR.
Forced laborers constructing the Fergana Canal in Uzbekistan, 1939.
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0169200
WAR OF THE SIXTH COALITION.
Citizens of Hamburg, Germany are forced into fortification work by occupying forces. Contemporary depiction, 1813.
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0129849
SOVIET UNION: FORCED LABOR.
Forced laborers of the Gulag system in Siberia, Soviet Union, during the 1930s. Full credit: Archiv Gerstenberg - ullstein bild / Granger, NYC -- All Rights Reserved.
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0072995
WWII: JEWISH LABOUR CAMP.
German soldiers guarding Jews forced to work in Nazi labor camps. Photograph.
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