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0003675
CALAMITY JANE (c1852-1903).
Martha Jane Canary Burke. American frontier character. Photographed in 1895.
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0041608
ELIZABETH ZANE
(c1766-c1831). American pioneer. Elizabeth 'Betty' Zane passing through hostile Indian lines to obtain gunpowder for the besieged garrison at Fort Henry, Virginia, in 1777. Lithograph, 1851.
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0067590
FRONTIER WOMAN & BABY.
A woman on the Oregon frontier stands outside a cabin while her baby, in a makeshift cradle, sleeps in the doorway. Photograph, 19th century.
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0012770
WAGON TRAIN.
Motion picture still.
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0058902
CALAMITY JANE (1852-1903).
Martha Jane Canary Burke, known as 'Calamity Jane.' American frontier character. Photographed in 1895.
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0035100
CYNTHIA ANN PARKER
(1827-1865). American frontierswoman and Native American Cherokee captive, mother of Comanche chief Quanah Parker, pictured here with her infant daughter, Topasannah. Photographed in 1861, shortly after she was returned to her family after her nearly 25-year captivity by a Comanche tribe.
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0174656
SPIRIT LAKE MASSACRE, 1857.
Santee Sioux warriors leading Abbie Gardner, their 13-year-old captive (left), into their encampment outside the Mattock cabin, which has been set on fire, during the Spirit Lake Massacre in northern Iowa, March 1857. Illustration, late 19th century, after a painting.
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0184099
COLORADO: EMIGRANTS, c1875.
Newly arrived settlers in North Park, Colorado. Photographed c1875.
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0174657
SPIRIT LAKE MASSACRE, 1857.
After being taken prisoner during the Spirit Lake Massacre in northern Iowa, Mrs. Elizabeth Thatcher is drowned in the Big Sioux River in eastern South Dakota by her Santee Sioux captors, April 1857. Wood engraving, American, c1885.
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0053661
VIRGINIA SETTLEMENT.
Settlement on the Virginia frontier in the 18th century. Wood engraving, 19th century.
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0053373
FRONTIER STATION: BEGGAR.
An old Native American woman begging for food at a frontier station in the American West. Wood engraving, American, 1876, after William de la Montagne Cary.
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0184088
COLORADO: PIKE'S PEAK, 1867.
An intrepid group scaling Pike's Peak in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado. Wood engraving, American, 1867.
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0325324
ANNIE OAKLEY (1860-1926).
American markswoman. Photographed with the rifle Buffalo Bill gave her, 1922.
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0104748
JEMIMA BOONE, 1776.
Jemima Boone, Frances Callaway and Elizabeth Callaway captured by a Shawnee and Cherokee raiding party near Fort Boonesborough, Kentucky, July 1776. Wood engraving, American, 1887, after Howard Pyle.
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0008332
EMIGRANT: PIONEER'S HOME.
On the western frontier in Wisconsin. Colored engraving, 1847.
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0184162
IDAHO: SETTLERS, c1882.
A group of settlers standing outside a log cabin in American Falls, Idaho. Photographed c1882.
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0174658
SPIRIT LAKE MASSACRE, 1857.
After being taken prisoner during the Spirit Lake Massacre in northern Iowa, Mrs. Lydia Noble is beaten to death by Roaring Cloud, son of the Santee Sioux chief Inkpaduta, at an encampment in South Dakota, spring 1857. Wood engraving, American, c1885.
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0093500
BEAR CUBS, 1856.
A woman and her young children visited by bear cubs in their log cabin home. Wood engraving, American, 1856.
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0174654
ABBIE GARDNER SHARP
(1843-1921). American frontierswoman and author, taken captive by Santee Sioux warriors at age 13, during the Spirit Lake Massacre in northern Iowa in 1857. Photographed c1860.
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0045469
COLORADO: PIKE'S PEAK, 1867.
An intrepid group scaling Pike's Peak in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado. Wood engraving, American, 1867.
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0055051
SUSANNA MOODIE (1803-1885).
Canadian (English-born) pioneer and writer.
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0035478
GEORGE WASHINGTON
(1732-1799). First President of the United States. Young Washington travelling through the Virginia frontier as a surveyor, implored by settlers for protection from Indians. Steel engraving, 19th century, by John Rogers after John McNevin.
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0046966
DANIEL BOONE (c1734-1820).
American pioneer. 'Emigration of Daniel Boone' by George Caleb Bingham. Oil on canvas, 1851.
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0015478
WAGON TRAIN.
Silent film still.
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0322617
PIONEER FAMILY.
'The Emigrant's Sabbath.' A family of pioneers praying on the Sabbath. Engraving, American, 19th century.
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0061925
COLONIAL FRONTIER COUPLE.
An 18th century couple on the American colonial frontier. Mezzotint, 19th century, after a painting by George Henry Boughton.
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0038101
BLACK HOMESTEADERS.
A black family photographed in 1887 before their homestead in Nebraska.
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0062012
EMIGRANTS TO WEST, 1862.
'Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way.' Fresco, 1862, by Emanuel Leutze.
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0066465
COUNTRY DANCE, c1870.
A country dance on the American frontier: wood engraving, c1870.
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0183879
DAKOTA TERRITORY: QUILTING.
Pioneer women and children at a quilting party in the Dakota Territory, United States. Left to right: Myrtle Robinson, Liza Histness, Gertrude Pendroy, Susie Pendroy, Lizzie Pendroy, Mrs. McKay, Alzie Allern, Jessie Robinson Pendroy, Sarah Pendroy, Lulu Pendoy, and--under the quilt--Beatrice Pendroy. Photograph, c1885.
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0048338
COUNTRY DANCE, 1820s.
A country dance on the American frontier in the 1820s: Drawing by C.W. Jefferys.
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0017552
CANADA: EMIGRANTS, 1830.
British emigrants recently arrived in Canada, having escaped the economic depression in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars. Illustration by C.W. Jefferys.
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0098826
MORMON SETTLER, 1870.
A Mormon adobe home on the road to Salt Lake City, Utah. Wood engraving, American, 1870.
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0007712
FRONTIER LIFE: SOAP MAKING.
A woman on the American frontier boiling a kettle of potash to make soap. Illustration by C.W. Jefferys.
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0033751
MARY FIELDS (1832-c1902).
American frontierswoman; known as 'Stagecoach Mary.'
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0002313
SOAPMAKING, 19th CENTURY.
A frontier woman boiling a kettle of potash to make soap. Illustration, 19th century.
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0087788
BLACK HOMESTEADERS.
The Moses Speese family outside their sod house near Westville, Nebraska. Photograph, late 19th century.
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0101774
OHIO: FRONTIER, 1796.
Family living in the Connecticut Western Reserve (the northeastern section of Ohio), 1796. Wood engraving, 19th century.
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0184158
NEBRASKA: FRONTIER FAMILY.
The family of David Hilton posing next to their organ on their farm near Weissert, Custer County, Nebraska. Photographed by Solomon D. Butcher, 1887.
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0039957
MOTHER AND CHILD, c1908.
A mother and child standing in a wheatfield near Newscastle, Wyoming, c1908.
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